Spanning coastal forests, rivers, open grassland and a diverse coastline the Dwesa Nature Reserve comprises 3500ha of protected areas. Situated in the central Wild Coast, Dwesa Nature Reserve is bordered by the Mbashe River and Indian Ocean on one side, and grasslands of the former Transkei on the other. The primary purpose of the Dwesa Nature Reserve is to conserve the unique biodiversity of the coastal forests, the southern sourveld grassland type and the Marine Protected Area. It provides a critical habitat for the survival of a number of collapsed fish stocks. The Dwesa Cwebe MPA has Control Zones (No take) and open areas that have recently been opened to allow local fisherman access to fish, provided they have valid legal permits.
This MPA provides protection for marine ecosystems and close inshore fish species that would otherwise be exploited.